Let’s have a short history lesson on this magical place. Article by Venice Paparazzi’s Alex Stowell. Venice was founded by tobacco millionaire Abbot Kinney on July 4, 1905. Kinney’s idea was to created a place dedicated to health, higher learning, and education. His vision was a place where people would come to relax and enjoy the ocean air while following intellectual pursuits. After opening, Kinney brought in professors and writers to deliver lectures to what he thought would be well attended seminars. Much to his dismay, the idea flopped! It turned out people were much more interested in carnival rides and side show attractions. So, Kinney gave the people what they wanted. He built and amusement park, a pier, a miniature steam train, 16 miles of canals with gondola rides, and more. Kinney died on Nov. 4 1920 from lung cancer. By 1925, Venice was in shambles, unable to govern itself. So, Venice voted to become part of the City of Los Angeles. In 1930 oil was discovered, and up went the oil rigs. Venice’s once pristine air turned into a cloud of toxic fumes and the canals became polluted, dirty eyesores. Venice became known as the “Slum by the Sea.” Time went on, the oil boom dwindled, and WW2 came to an end. The newly remodeled and renamed Lincoln Place apartments were originally built to house WW2 veterans. As the 1950’s got going, bodybuilding became all the rage in Venice. The original Muscle Beach in Santa Monica inspired a culture of outdoor fitness, weightlifting, physique contests, and gymnastics. In the 1960’s the Beatniks, followed by the hippies, migrated to Venice. Cheap rent and a vibe of individuality fed a culture of artists, musicians, and poets. Famously, The Doors formed in Venice in the late 60’s and were a staple around the Venice/Santa Monica area. Take a selfie with Venice’s founder Abbot Kinney himself! #VeniceBeachFun @VeniceBeachFun. The mural by Rip Cronk is located on North Venice Blvd. next door to James beach, 60 N. Venice Blvd. Venice, Ca. 90291 Then came skateboarding. Originally known as sidewalk surfing, Venice is largely credited as being the birthplace of modern skateboarding. The pioneering Zephyr team, home to Jay Adams, Tony Alva, Stacy Peralta and many more, was run by Jeff Ho out of a local shop. They eventually became known world wide as one of the most influential skate teams ever. Venice’s punk rock culture, born in the late 70’s continued on into the 80’s. Most notably with local band Suicidal Tendencies skyrocketing to international stardom. The aggressiveness of Venice’s skate/surf culture was a perfect compliment to the punk rock movement, and both scenes flourished. In the 1980’s the crack epidemic hit Los Angeles, and Venice had its own problem with gang wars. This continued into the 90’s and Venice’s reputation as a rough town was well warranted. In 2000 the city re-did the boardwalk. Part of this process was to tear down the Pavilion, which had been a make shift skatepark for years. People would bring in plywood and make ramps, or just skate on the existing concrete structures. On Oct. 3 2009, after many years of activism on the part of Geri Lewis and others, the famed Venice Skate Park opened on the beach. Through the first decade of 2000, Venice continued to go through changes. A large influx of tech companies drove up real estate prices in the area and there was a constant dialogue about what is happening to Venice’s cultural roots. As the 2010’s got rolling, a new and larger wave of tech. companies made Venice their home. Most notably Google and Snap, showed up and set up shop. One side effect thousands of techies moving to the V was that the landlords could now charge more for rent. There was some serious displacement and many of locals were none to happy. As the decade neared the end there was a massive influx of homeless people setting up encampments on public sidewalks, and this is still the case today. Now to be accurate, Venice has always had some homeless. However, this is different. These are mostly younger people not from the area, some with dogs, who have shown up by the hundreds to stake a claim on the public right away as their own personal campground. Most folks think this is a result of the City of Los Angeles’ law that allows people to put up tent on the sidewalk between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. as long as a wheel chair can get by. And if it is raining, or below 60 degrees, the tent can stay up all day. Currently most residents are fed up and think the politicians are to blame for years of misguided and naive policy decisions. Whatever the case, the situation is a dangerous eyesore in our great town. Photo from Westland.net Some cool facts about the V: Pop Culture: Venice resident Robert Trujillo was a bass player for Suicidal Tendencies, and currently plays for Metallica. Stacy Peralta went on from the Zephyr team to produce movies and has a skateboarding line. Tony Alva went on from the Zephyr team to have his own skateboard line and also has a rock band that plays around town. Suicidal Tendencies singer Mike Muir’s brother, Jim Muir, is the owner of the DogTown brand skateboards and apparel. The first documented surfing demonstration on the mainland U.S.A took place in Venice in 1907. Demographics and geography: Venice has about 40,000 residents Venice is the biggest tourist attraction in Los Angeles and second in So.Cal only to Disneyland. Venice had about 16 million visitors last year, and 7 million of them were under 35 years old. Venice is bordered by Santa Monica to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Marina del Rey to the south and Culver City to the east. . “Abbot Kinney and the Story of Venice” by Edward Biberman shows the town’s founder with frolicking beachgoers on one side and oil workers on the other. (Anthony Peres / Los Angeles County Museum of Art) . Photo found on LATimes For more Venice History: . Visit Venice Heritage Museum’s for Venice History! Check out Abbot Kinney’s page on Wikipedia. Read the Abbot Kinney article on www.westland.net Check out Venice of America page on Wikipedia Visit Venice Historical Society’s website veniceofamerica.org Visit Don Westland’s website www.westland.net/venicehistory for more on Venice History. His interactive educational site covers the history of Venice Beach, California. It features timelines, historic articles and photographs, interactive maps that when clicked on show historic views, and a list of movies filmed on Venice’s streets, amusement piers and canals. Pick up a copy of Jeffrey Stanton’s book “Venice, California – Coney Island of the Pacific.” The book contains over 300 photographs, mostly B/W, but a few in color appeared as postcards or are more recently taken photos by the author. Many are full page-sized archival quality photographs of great historical interest. You can order a copy online here! Pick up a copy of Images of America, Venice California by Carolyn Elayne Alexander. About: This pictorial retrospective illustrates Venice’s history from its beginnings in 1880 through the Great Fire and Consolidation, to the advent of the rollerskaters and carnival-like ambience that characterize the Venice that we know today. Based on over 200 interviews of local and pioneer families, this volume contains many previously unpublished images from private albums and collections, all of which provide a unique glimpse into Venice’s fascinating first century. Soft-Bound, 128 pages, $19.99. Buy it on veniceofamerica.org/store / Venice needs a museum! Check out Venice Heritage Museum for more info or to support getting a museum in Venice! Did you know that Venice, California’s founder Abbot Kinney birthday is on November 16th? Save the date November 16, 2020. Event details coming soon. .